colorless slightly hygroscopic crystals.
Registered as food additive E510.
Ammonium chloride is used in the manufacture of dry batteries and galvanic cells, for soldering and tinning of steel products with flux (zinc chloride);
as a smoke-producing agent (pyrotechnics);
in agriculture as a nitrogen fertilizer;
in the woodworking industry (protection against pests);
in mechanical engineering;
in non-ferrous metallurgy;
in the textile industry;
in the production of wine as a feeding for yeast bacteria;
as a cleaner;
when making candles.
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Ammonium chloride has the technical name of ammonia.
Does not melt when heated.
Easily soluble in water.
Hygroscopic (it absorbs moisture from the air well) - it should be stored in dry rooms.
When ignited, pairs of ammonia and thick white smoke are emitted (the main property for pyrotechnics).
In some European countries it is used as a seasoning.
Another name is Nashatyr.
In ancient Egypt, in the temple of the god Amon, it was intended to inhale the vapors of an aqueous solution of a special powder obtained from the walls of caves. The solution was called "Nushadira", eventually this name was transformed into ammonia - an aqueous solution of Ammonium Chloride.
In ancient Greece and Egypt used for medical purposes.
For prolonged contact Ammonium chloride may cause irritation of the skin and mucous membranes.
The most dangerous pairs of aqueous solution - gaseous ammonia - causes irritation of the respiratory tract and mucous membranes. With increased concentration has an exciting effect on the central nervous system.
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